Fall 2018 Immigration Research - Italy, Europe, and US -- 2nd wave

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Instructions for Posting Research

Posting format

  • Follow this pattern to post research results and links to this page:
  • Brief description of resource.
  • Link. "[" url space title "]"
  • Your real name


  • This article corrects some misinformation about immigration to Italy. (Pick some of the important facts/claims out of the article and include in this description to save us time.)

Page Organization and Research Advice

  • Please consider the research questions we raised at the end of the 1st wave of research in choose article and resources to post. The organizers should have posted some headings below to help you think about what to look for.
  • Don't post random things. Think about what we need to know to understand the issues. Look at the page and see what people are posting and try to think of information, opinion pieces, and scholarly articles that will help us.
  • Pull important information out of the article or resource to include in your brief description. Keep that description to about 3-7 lines of text.
  • Don't just do Google searches. Use some of the databases through the Foley Library to access authoritative and scholarly work as well.
  • Think about what heading to put your finding under. You can create headings by using pairs of "=" signs.

Second Wave of Immigration Research

Note from class organizers: Hi friends, The first wave of research pretty well covered the basic facts and figures of immigration in Italy along with some statistics for immigration elsewhere. We have quite a few articles related to major events and controversy (Italy's Interior Minister, Matteo Salvini, came up a few times), as well as some information regarding the stances of Italian political parties. Some of you posted articles that discussed the social and economic impact that immigration has/could have in Italy, however there is definitely room to expand this section. For this second wave, we have made a few headings based on people's responses and questions after the first wave of research. There was particular interest regarding the role of social media and technology in the immigration issue, differences in opinion between age groups in Italy (for example, the responses of college age Italians to Immigration politics likely differs from the response of older generations), effects of stereotyping immigrants, and proposed strategies for handling immigration. At this point, it may also be valuable to bring in a couple of scholarship and opinion articles. These can be articles that express an opinion regarding immigration, but they should be written by educated individuals and should be peer reviewed. We have created a few headings to guide this wave of research. If you have a point of interest that is not covered below, please feel free to make a new heading at the bottom of the page and post relevant articles. Best of luck, Kaitlyn Caniglia and Daria Bianchini

The Role and Effects of the Media, Social Media, and Technology

What media forms have been used to spread immigration-related news? Have these been effective? How has the media shaped political opinion? Has social media made a positive or negative contribution to the discussion? Are there any specific news or media outlets that focus primarily on immigration? Does the media tend to portray immigrants and immigration in a positive or negative light?

This article illustrates the negative effects the media has on the public about immigrants. A majority of the news covered on immigrants are negative events or actions, such as illegal activities, which initially shifts individuals’ behaviors and perceptions towards immigrants. Social media creates dishonest stereotypes and opinions of immigrants, which generate obstacles for immigrants to overcome, such as being hired for employment, benefits from the government, and living in an environment of injustice. This article suggests a shift of individuals in power of social media to become more diverse, in order to create an honest representation of immigrants through their experiences and differing perspectives.

[Immigrants Portrayed in Social Media]

Tomasina Griffiths

Opinion Differences between Age Group in Italy

Where do Italian adolescents stand on the immigration issue? Are there any social movements or groups created and supported primarily by young adults? How do their opinions and responsive actions differ from those of older generations? What has influenced and created these differences?

Immigrant Stereotyping vs. Reality

What stereotypes exist regarding immigrants to Italy? Are these stereotypes accurate, or have they been exaggerated? A common stereotype that came up in questions was that influx of immigrants results in higher crime rates. Also, how have immigrants responded to stereotyping and negative attention? Have there been any historical events or trends in Italy's past that has lead to the stereotypes present today? Do other European countries tend to share these same stereotypes of immigrants?

  • This article discusses the issue that many are concerned with immigrants coming into their country and taking all of their jobs. While this is a valid concern, the article explains that a majority of the migrants coming into Italy already have family living here with their employment already established. This means that the new immigrants are not entering the country in search of a place to work since one or more of their family members already hold a position. According to the research done for this article, 1 out of 10 of the immigrants coming into Italy are over 75 years old. Italian citizens have no reason to worry about immigrants creating a negative effect on their pensions. In fact, over 600,000 Italians have the immigrants to thank for their pensions. Even though many are worried that the migrants would be bad for business the effect has actually been the opposite. Immigration has helped many firms stay in business and without immigrants many of the businesses we see in Italy today would no longer be around.
  • This article talks all about Italian immigration and the preconceived notion that many refugees turn out to be criminals. This article disputes this false idea and states hard facts, percentages, and charts which support the concept that the majority of migrants come to Italy for peaceful reasons. The London School of Economics reported that "58%" of Italians surveyed were afraid of immigration and "60%" were scared to continue living in their city despite that crime has decreased by "25% between 2006 and 2017 across all regions of Italy". This article talks about some of the issues that we have discussed in class, including how Italy's Prime Minister is portraying refugees and immigrants as dangerous and have come to Italy for criminal reasons, even though "the average crime rate among foreigners has decreased by around 65% between 2006 and 2017." This portrays that there is a huge difference between stereotypes and realities in terms of immigrants in Italy at the moment, and the leadership behind Italy is pushing the wrong ideas.
  • [1]
  • Mark Bechtel

Proposed Strategies

What strategies have been proposed in response to influx of immigrants? The first wave of research has many articles on propositions to end immigration. What strategies exist that may usher immigrants in, but with a more organized plan in mind? Possibly slowing the flow of influx rather than ending it entirely? What have other European countries done in response to this wave of immigrants? Have any of these strategies worked, why or why not? What is the current pathway to citizenship for immigrants in Italy? Is this effective and are there other proposed strategies?

  • In this article, it's explained how European countries are putting up fences in order to keep migrants out. Countries such as of Macedonia, Hungary, Slovakia, Greece, Spain, etc. all have created some form of a fence or border to prevent entrance of illegal immigrants. Many of the countries claim that they will allow those fleeing war-zones to continue to pass through. "Barley a week goes by without another European nation erecting a partition, signaling what many believe is the end of the Schengen zone and the dream of free movement."
  • Alexa Robinson
  • In this article, published by The Economist, they propose a three step program to help manage the migrant crisis across Europe. They propose the flow of refugees would be manageable if the EU works together and follows the following three steps. We must begin by addressing the "push factor" that urges migrants to leave their home countries, especially in war torn countries. Second we must review asylum claims while refugees are still in centers in the middle east or "hot spots" such as Greece and Italy where they first arrive to the EU. The third step would be insisting that asylum seekers stay put until their applications are processed. The final piece is that sometimes the answer has to be no. Inelgible migrants will have to be refused entry or be deported. While this is legally difficult, the system will be overwhelmed or seen as illegitimate and unfair by EU citizens if not enforced.
  • Emily Cunningham
  • This article gives a background on Italy's troubled past with immigration, closing borders and paying off the coast guard to prevent new entries on the Italian border, however provides that Italy needs a reform that not only begins a migration control program but also integrates human rights practices. The new strategy indicates that all European countries should be making a bigger effort to rescue boats, and instead of sending them back or detaining them, providing the passengers with an option to evacuate to Niger through the International Organization for Migration. The second solution the article provides is to allow for the people who have failed to receive asylum to apply for yearly visas to limit amounts of people coming to Europe illegally. Finally, the overall goal would be to limit people coming to Europe illegally, and also make it so that if asylum cannot be reached in Italy or Europe, the immigrant can be returned safely to their home country or to a safe country.
  • Hannah Lyford
  • This Bloomberg Op-Ed focuses on what the EU as a whole can do to help combat its immigration issue. It mentions how the cost of taking on immigrants falls onto the southern border states like Greece and Italy. The article offers a few methods that can help alleviate and moderate the immigration issue that an entire continent is currently facing. For one, the article states that it is essential that the EU creates a centralized search-and-rescue system. Though it may be pricey, it will allow the countries to be more coordinated in their efforts of rounding up immigrants. As of now, militant groups badly mistreat the refugees that they intercept throughout international waters so its imperative that the EU takes back the reigns in controlling the situation. Another step in the process would be creating a system that evenly divides the immigrants based off the country's size and economic capabilities. The southern countries are dealing with a sizeable influx of immigrants while the northernmost countries of the EU aren’t taking in nearly as much. However, the article insists that Europe needs to do the best with the immigrants that they have now. Educating and training immigrants will best help them integrate into the social, economic, and cultural aspects of each country. If this is done, the countries won’t be as badly burdened with taking care of the immigrants since they will be more self-sufficient.
  • Anthony Baciocco

Professional Opinion Pieces

These articles of opinion should be written by educated, potentially significant individuals, who voice an opinion and offer substantial evidence to support their opinion. These would be very beneficial to a discussion in the context of ethical opinions!