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==Mindfulness Meditation Exercise==
 
==Mindfulness Meditation Exercise==
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[[Image:MeditationBuchman.jpg|right|thumb|Meditation]]
 
[[Image:MeditationBuchman.jpg|right|thumb|Meditation]]
  
:This section gathers links, articles, and ideas on the mindfulness meditation.
+
:*The mindfulness meditation exercise described in this self-guided resource page is one of the most basic meditation exercises and a good one to begin with.  While "mindfulness meditation" encompasses a wide range of literature and technique, a typical beginning exercise is to work on ''quieting the mind''.  That is the goal of the exercise described in this wiki page.
  
:If you are thinking about doing the mindfulness exercises (either just meditation or also the savoring and gratitude exercises) for the Happiness Class, this is the place to start.&nbsp; First, listen to the [[http://216.35.221.77/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4770779 NPR story]] on mindfulness meditation.&nbsp; As that story suggests, many people exploring this topic are looking for evidence of the difference that meditation makes in a person's sense of well-being.&nbsp; The best way to assess this is by experimenting with techniques for increasing mindfulness in general and developing attentiveness in areas such as sensual pleasure and gratitude.  Then you can make your own assessment of the value of these techniques in raising subjective well being or happiness.
+
:*Before you begin, it might be helpful to remind you of some of the reasons people value this particular sort of meditation
 +
::*1) Trying to quiet the mind helps you realize how noisy it is by nature and how mental contents appear. 
 +
::*2) Quieting the mind is intrinsically pleasant.
 +
::*3) Quieting the mind helps you become more attentive to your environment, and more reflective and deliberate about some of your responses.
 +
::*4) Watching noisy minds with a quiet mind can be a source of insight.
 +
::*5) Quieting the mind is often an initial step in other kinds of meditation.
 +
 
 +
:*This section gathers links, articles, and ideas on the mindfulness meditation. If you are thinking about doing the mindfulness exercises for one of my classes, this is the place to start.
  
 
===First Mindfulness Exercise:&nbsp; A Sitting Meditation Focused on Breathing===
 
===First Mindfulness Exercise:&nbsp; A Sitting Meditation Focused on Breathing===
  
:Find a quiet room (a church or chapel works) as a setting for your meditation.&nbsp; Pick a time of day when you are not too tired or hungry and when you do not have to rush to an appointment immediately after meditating.&nbsp; If you are very tired when you meditate, you might fall asleep!&nbsp; If you have to go to class or some other appointment immediately after meditating, you might be distracted and not relax during your mediation.
+
:*Before starting your meditation, update your todo list.  Your mind is designed to remind you of things. If they are on a list, it might be easier to avoid thinking about these interruptions.
 +
 
 +
:*Find a quiet room (a church or chapel works) as a setting for your meditation.&nbsp; Pick a time of day when you are not too tired or hungry and when you do not have to rush to an appointment immediately after meditating.&nbsp; If you are very tired when you meditate, you might fall asleep!&nbsp; If you have to go to class or some other appointment immediately after meditating, you might be distracted and not relax during your mediation.
 +
 
 +
:*Sit upright in a comfortable position, either on a chair or the floor. If you are sitting on the floor, you may want to support your back against a wall. Initially, you should settle your body into a sitting posture, making yourself comfortable. Feel the weight of your body and notice the places where there is either body to body pressure or body to floor pressure.  Adjust your posture to distribute your weight.
 +
 
 +
:*Close your eyes and pay attention to your breathing.&nbsp; Take normal breaths.  If possible, keep your mouth closed and breath through your nose so that you can hear and feel the breath, as in yoga.  
  
:Sit upright in a comfortable position, either on a chair or the floor. If you are sitting on the floor, you may want to support your back against a wall. Initially, you should settle your body into a sitting posture, making yourself comfortable. Feel the weight of your body and notice the places where there is either body to body pressure or body to floor pressureAdjust your posture to distribute your weight.
+
:*You might want to selectively contract and relax muscles in different parts of your body, working up from your feet.&nbsp; Take your time with each muscle group. Slowly tense the muscles and relax them, perhaps in tune with your breathing (e.g. one to two breaths to tighten, likewise to relax).  Avoid retightening the muscle group as you move on.  Continue to return your focus to breathing when it wanders. In succession, tighten and relax the muscles in your feet, your lower legs, your thighs, your buttocks and abdomen, your chest, arms, neck, face and head.&nbsp; Stretch your neck all around your collar bone to relax it. This should all take time. Don't rush. As you become quietly aware of your body, return your attention to your breathing.  For a variation on this pre-meditation exercise, consider trying just the pre-meditation exercises in [[Media:YogaMeditation0001.pdf | this document]]You could some stretching before you sit down as well.
  
:Close your eyes and pay attention to your breathing.&nbsp; Take normal breaths. You might want to selectively contract and relax muscles in different parts of your body, working up from your feet.&nbsp; Take your time with each muscle group. Slowly tense the muscles and relax them, perhaps in tune with your breathing (e.g. one to two breaths to tighten, likewise to relax).  Avoid retightening the muscle group as you move on.  Continue to return your focus to breathing when it wanders. In succession, tighten and relax the muscles in your feet, your lower legs, your thighs, your buttocks and abdomen, your chest, arms, neck, face and head.&nbsp; Stretch your neck all around your collar bone to relax it. This should all take several minutes. Don't rush. As you become quietly aware of your body, return your attention to your breathing. For a variation on this pre-meditation exercise, consider trying just the pre-meditation excercises (not the corpse pose) in [[Media:YogaMeditation0001.pdf]].
+
:*As you start your meditation, many thoughts will occur to you to distract you from your attention to your breathing.&nbsp; Within a minute or so you will probably find yourself thinking about something that you need to do or something that is coming up in your life. You'll remember that you have to get groceries, finish a paper, call someone, etc.&nbsp; Acknowledge that you are thinking about these things and then make a conscious choice to turn your attention back to your breathing and your body. If you need to update your todo list or jot something down, do that.  
  
:As you start your meditation, many thoughts will occur to you to distract you from your attention to your breathing.&nbsp; Within a minute or so you will probably find yourself thinking about something that you need to do or something that is coming up in your life. You'll remember that you have to get groceries, finish a paper, call someone, etc.&nbsp; Acknowledge that you are thinking about these things and then make a conscious choice to turn your attention back to your breathing and your body.  Be prepared for your mind to periodically take you away from your breathing and back to your affairs, worries, hopes, and chores. If something keeps intruding (like an appointment that you keep remembering that you need to make or a task that you suddenly remember, you might need to remember to update your to-do list next time before you start meditating.  You can, of course, open your eyes and jot the item down.  But remember, the goal is to quiet the mind. In any case, it is more likely that you will remember all of these details better after a good meditation, so you might just chance it.
+
:*Be prepared for your mind to periodically take you away from your breathing and back to your affairs, worries, hopes, and chores. If something keeps intruding (like an appointment that you keep remembering that you need to make or a task that you suddenly remember), you might want to update your to-do list next time before you start meditating.  You can, of course, open your eyes and jot the item down.  But remember, the goal is to quiet the mind. In any case, it is more likely that you will remember all of these details better after a good meditation, so you might just chance it.
  
:The goal of focusing on breathing is to quiet the mind. The mind is sometimes referred to in meditation circles (and, originally, in Buddhist writing) as a "chattering monkey," distracting you from our own experience and elevating your anxiety with a steady stream of thoughts about various things you need to do in your life. Becoming more mindful involves becoming self-aware of the contents of your mind that distract you from engagement in the present. Mindfulness meditaion is not about ignoring the future by any means, but its advocates claim that you will benefit from approaching the future with a calm and orderly mind.  
+
:*The goal of focusing on breathing is to quiet the mind. The mind is sometimes referred to in meditation circles (and, originally, in Buddhist writing) as a "chattering monkey," distracting you from our own experience and elevating your anxiety with a steady stream of thoughts about various things you need to do in your life. In yogic philosophy, the goal of meditation is the restraint of the modifications of consciousness.  Quieting the mind makes sense as a preparation for mindfulness, but that's one more thing you should assess from the standpoint of some experience.  Becoming more mindful involves heightening your awareness of your present experience and, presumably, both enjoying it more and seeing things in a less distracted way. "Mindfulness" advocates are sometimes criticized for focusing on the present, but they claim that you will benefit from approaching the future with a calm and orderly mind.  
  
:I recommend that you make meditations daily for this assignment, if you can, but at least try to meditate 3-4 times a week. If you can go right up to 20-30 minutes great, but if you need to work your way from 5-10 minutes up to a longer meditation, that's fine too.  The point is to get a lot from your meditation so that you actually look forward to spending more time in a meditative state. For this assignment you should commit to about 3 weeks of meditation, longer if you like it.
+
:*'''Completing the Assignment.''' 
 +
::*I recommend that you make meditations daily for this assignment, if you can, but at least try to meditate 4-6 times a week. If you can go right up to 20-30 minutes great, but if you need to work your way from 5-10 minutes up to a longer meditation, that's fine too.  If you have a very busy week and need to extend the assignment, that's fine. The point is to get a lot from your meditation so that you actually look forward to spending time in a meditative state.  
 +
::*For this assignment you should commit to about 4 weeks of meditation and turn in one journal each week describing your experience in relation to the goal. 
 +
:::*The first journal or two should focus on things that are going well or are challenging in your practice.  Ideally by weeks 2 or 3 you are getting what might be called a '''meditation effect''' (I'll try to describe that.).  If you get to week 3 and have not had that experience, let's talk about the obstacles. 
 +
:::*Assuming you are getting a mediation effect of some kind, the third and fourth journals should reflect on how things look and feel after a particularly good mediation.  Do you look at stressful situations differently?  Do you approach problems differently.  You do not need to report positive results for this assignment.  The goal is to experience meditation and, hopefully, notice some effects from it. 
 +
:::*You can also decide that the assignment isn't for you and simply remove it from your grading scheme.
 +
 
 +
:::*You can also email me with questions and to report difficulties apart from your journal entries.
  
 
===Variations in Meditation===
 
===Variations in Meditation===
  
:You can explore variations of many kinds in your meditations. Maybe the simplest variation is to do some stretching or Yoga poses before you meditate.  The more your can settle your body, the more you can settle your mind.  
+
:*You can explore variations of many kinds in your meditations, but my recommendation is that you focus most of your early practice on the basic mind-quieting exercise. Maybe the simplest variation is to do some stretching or Yoga poses before you meditate.  The more your can settle your body, the more you can settle your mind. Some people find it helpful to meditate after physical exercise.
  
:You do not always have to be focused on the body and the breath.  There are sound meditations, concentration meditations (in which you keep your eyes open and engaged in a relaxed focus on an object), meditations to build particular kinds of affect like compassion, gratitude, kindness, etc.  There are [http://www.marc.ucla.edu/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=27&Itemid=46 audio meditations] you can use from the UCLA site for varying the focus of your meditation. (Thanks to Diana Winston at UCLA for making these available.) Like yoga poses, as you learn a new focus for a meditation, you can repeat that focus at your own choice in your own experience. I encourage you to try a compassion building meditation at some point, but there's no rush.
+
:*You do not always have to be focused on the body and the breath.  There are sound meditations, concentration meditations (in which you keep your eyes open and engaged in a relaxed focus on an object), meditations to build particular kinds of affect like compassion, gratitude, kindness, etc.  There are [http://www.marc.ucla.edu/body.cfm?id=22&oTopID=22 audio meditations] you can use from the UCLA Semel Institute site for varying the focus of your meditation. (Thanks to Diana Winston at UCLA for making these available.) Like yoga poses, as you learn a new focus for a meditation, you can repeat that focus at your own choice in your own experience. I encourage you to try a compassion building meditation at some point.  Like anything else, you'll find that you have preferences based on your experience.
  
:While the initial exercise above is a sitting meditation, you may also want to try a lying down meditation: [[Media:YogaMeditation0001.pdf | Savasana]]. (Thanks to Lisa L. (Happiness Class 2007) for  this.
+
:*While the initial exercise above is a sitting meditation, you may also want to try a lying down meditation: [[Media:YogaMeditation0001.pdf | Savasana]]. You may find that this leads naturally to a short nap.  
  
===Other Resources===
+
:*Some sites with guided meditation. 
 +
::*UCLA's Semel Institute for Neuroscience &amp; Human Behavior: http://www.marc.ucla.edu.  This site has some free audio meditations that students of mine have found helpful.  [https://www.uclahealth.org/marc/getting-started This page] on the site has good introductory videos.
 +
::*[http://www.mindfulmuscle.com/5-top-guided-meditations/  A top five list]
 +
::*[https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/simply-being-guided-meditation/id347418999?mt=8]
  
:Explore a variety of resources about mindfulness as you are having the experiential learning of actually meditating. These resources are good for students who want to do formal writing about these exercises.
+
===Exploring Buddhist exercises and thought===
  
===Exploring Buddhist exercises and thought===
+
:Read the wiki page on "Vipassana"
  
:Google "pratical vipassana exercises" to get the 60 page pdf, "Practical Vipassana Exercises," Ven. Mahasi Sayadaw. This text form the Buddha Dharma Education Association might require some discusssion, but it's really very clear.  
+
:Google "practical vipassana exercises" to get the 60 page pdf, "Practical Vipassana Exercises," Ven. Mahasi Sayadaw. This text form the Buddha Dharma Education Association might require some discusssion, but it's really very clear.   My understanding is that a basic goal of Vipassana (or "insight") meditation is to observe carefully the way we are interacting with the world through our physical sensations, specific intentions, memories, and anticipations.  In effect, by developing these observational skills and the self-awareness that comes with them, you will be in a better position to make assessments of your experience. 
  
 
:Check out this wiki article: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theravada#Philosophy Theraveda Philosophy]]
 
:Check out this wiki article: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theravada#Philosophy Theraveda Philosophy]]
 +
 +
:Some recent treatments on meditation in media: 
 +
::*Fresh Air on Buddhism and Mindfulness.  Robert Wright, Why Buddhism is True [http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/08/07/541610511/can-buddhist-practices-help-us-overcome-the-biological-pull-of-dissatisfaction]
  
 
===Mindfulness research centers===
 
===Mindfulness research centers===
  
:U. Mass Medical Center has a famous mindfulness meditation research program:[http://www.umassmed.edu/content.aspx?id=41252]
+
:U. Mass Medical Center has a famous mindfulness meditation research program:[https://www.umassmed.edu/search-results/?q=mindfulness]
 
 
 
 
:UCLA's Semel Institute for Neuroscience &amp; Human Behavior: http://www.marc.ucla.edu
 
 
 
===Recent Search===
 
  
:Here's are some [[http://alfino.org/cfma/courses/419/mindfulnesscites.cfm selected articles]] from a recent search of PscyInfo and Newspaper Index on "mindfulness". Try your own and email me the results.
+
:UCLA's Semel Institute for Neuroscience &amp; Human Behavior: http://www.marc.ucla.edu. This site has some free audio meditations that students of mine have found helpful. -Alfino

Latest revision as of 21:41, 27 September 2021

Back to Happiness and Wisdom Course Main Page

Mindfulness Meditation Exercise

Meditation
  • The mindfulness meditation exercise described in this self-guided resource page is one of the most basic meditation exercises and a good one to begin with. While "mindfulness meditation" encompasses a wide range of literature and technique, a typical beginning exercise is to work on quieting the mind. That is the goal of the exercise described in this wiki page.
  • Before you begin, it might be helpful to remind you of some of the reasons people value this particular sort of meditation:
  • 1) Trying to quiet the mind helps you realize how noisy it is by nature and how mental contents appear.
  • 2) Quieting the mind is intrinsically pleasant.
  • 3) Quieting the mind helps you become more attentive to your environment, and more reflective and deliberate about some of your responses.
  • 4) Watching noisy minds with a quiet mind can be a source of insight.
  • 5) Quieting the mind is often an initial step in other kinds of meditation.
  • This section gathers links, articles, and ideas on the mindfulness meditation. If you are thinking about doing the mindfulness exercises for one of my classes, this is the place to start.

First Mindfulness Exercise:  A Sitting Meditation Focused on Breathing

  • Before starting your meditation, update your todo list. Your mind is designed to remind you of things. If they are on a list, it might be easier to avoid thinking about these interruptions.
  • Find a quiet room (a church or chapel works) as a setting for your meditation.  Pick a time of day when you are not too tired or hungry and when you do not have to rush to an appointment immediately after meditating.  If you are very tired when you meditate, you might fall asleep!  If you have to go to class or some other appointment immediately after meditating, you might be distracted and not relax during your mediation.
  • Sit upright in a comfortable position, either on a chair or the floor. If you are sitting on the floor, you may want to support your back against a wall. Initially, you should settle your body into a sitting posture, making yourself comfortable. Feel the weight of your body and notice the places where there is either body to body pressure or body to floor pressure. Adjust your posture to distribute your weight.
  • Close your eyes and pay attention to your breathing.  Take normal breaths. If possible, keep your mouth closed and breath through your nose so that you can hear and feel the breath, as in yoga.
  • You might want to selectively contract and relax muscles in different parts of your body, working up from your feet.  Take your time with each muscle group. Slowly tense the muscles and relax them, perhaps in tune with your breathing (e.g. one to two breaths to tighten, likewise to relax). Avoid retightening the muscle group as you move on. Continue to return your focus to breathing when it wanders. In succession, tighten and relax the muscles in your feet, your lower legs, your thighs, your buttocks and abdomen, your chest, arms, neck, face and head.  Stretch your neck all around your collar bone to relax it. This should all take time. Don't rush. As you become quietly aware of your body, return your attention to your breathing. For a variation on this pre-meditation exercise, consider trying just the pre-meditation exercises in this document. You could some stretching before you sit down as well.
  • As you start your meditation, many thoughts will occur to you to distract you from your attention to your breathing.  Within a minute or so you will probably find yourself thinking about something that you need to do or something that is coming up in your life. You'll remember that you have to get groceries, finish a paper, call someone, etc.  Acknowledge that you are thinking about these things and then make a conscious choice to turn your attention back to your breathing and your body. If you need to update your todo list or jot something down, do that.
  • Be prepared for your mind to periodically take you away from your breathing and back to your affairs, worries, hopes, and chores. If something keeps intruding (like an appointment that you keep remembering that you need to make or a task that you suddenly remember), you might want to update your to-do list next time before you start meditating. You can, of course, open your eyes and jot the item down. But remember, the goal is to quiet the mind. In any case, it is more likely that you will remember all of these details better after a good meditation, so you might just chance it.
  • The goal of focusing on breathing is to quiet the mind. The mind is sometimes referred to in meditation circles (and, originally, in Buddhist writing) as a "chattering monkey," distracting you from our own experience and elevating your anxiety with a steady stream of thoughts about various things you need to do in your life. In yogic philosophy, the goal of meditation is the restraint of the modifications of consciousness. Quieting the mind makes sense as a preparation for mindfulness, but that's one more thing you should assess from the standpoint of some experience. Becoming more mindful involves heightening your awareness of your present experience and, presumably, both enjoying it more and seeing things in a less distracted way. "Mindfulness" advocates are sometimes criticized for focusing on the present, but they claim that you will benefit from approaching the future with a calm and orderly mind.
  • Completing the Assignment.
  • I recommend that you make meditations daily for this assignment, if you can, but at least try to meditate 4-6 times a week. If you can go right up to 20-30 minutes great, but if you need to work your way from 5-10 minutes up to a longer meditation, that's fine too. If you have a very busy week and need to extend the assignment, that's fine. The point is to get a lot from your meditation so that you actually look forward to spending time in a meditative state.
  • For this assignment you should commit to about 4 weeks of meditation and turn in one journal each week describing your experience in relation to the goal.
  • The first journal or two should focus on things that are going well or are challenging in your practice. Ideally by weeks 2 or 3 you are getting what might be called a meditation effect (I'll try to describe that.). If you get to week 3 and have not had that experience, let's talk about the obstacles.
  • Assuming you are getting a mediation effect of some kind, the third and fourth journals should reflect on how things look and feel after a particularly good mediation. Do you look at stressful situations differently? Do you approach problems differently. You do not need to report positive results for this assignment. The goal is to experience meditation and, hopefully, notice some effects from it.
  • You can also decide that the assignment isn't for you and simply remove it from your grading scheme.
  • You can also email me with questions and to report difficulties apart from your journal entries.

Variations in Meditation

  • You can explore variations of many kinds in your meditations, but my recommendation is that you focus most of your early practice on the basic mind-quieting exercise. Maybe the simplest variation is to do some stretching or Yoga poses before you meditate. The more your can settle your body, the more you can settle your mind. Some people find it helpful to meditate after physical exercise.
  • You do not always have to be focused on the body and the breath. There are sound meditations, concentration meditations (in which you keep your eyes open and engaged in a relaxed focus on an object), meditations to build particular kinds of affect like compassion, gratitude, kindness, etc. There are audio meditations you can use from the UCLA Semel Institute site for varying the focus of your meditation. (Thanks to Diana Winston at UCLA for making these available.) Like yoga poses, as you learn a new focus for a meditation, you can repeat that focus at your own choice in your own experience. I encourage you to try a compassion building meditation at some point. Like anything else, you'll find that you have preferences based on your experience.
  • While the initial exercise above is a sitting meditation, you may also want to try a lying down meditation: Savasana. You may find that this leads naturally to a short nap.
  • Some sites with guided meditation.

Exploring Buddhist exercises and thought

Read the wiki page on "Vipassana"
Google "practical vipassana exercises" to get the 60 page pdf, "Practical Vipassana Exercises," Ven. Mahasi Sayadaw. This text form the Buddha Dharma Education Association might require some discusssion, but it's really very clear. My understanding is that a basic goal of Vipassana (or "insight") meditation is to observe carefully the way we are interacting with the world through our physical sensations, specific intentions, memories, and anticipations. In effect, by developing these observational skills and the self-awareness that comes with them, you will be in a better position to make assessments of your experience.
Check out this wiki article: [Theraveda Philosophy]
Some recent treatments on meditation in media:
  • Fresh Air on Buddhism and Mindfulness. Robert Wright, Why Buddhism is True [2]

Mindfulness research centers

U. Mass Medical Center has a famous mindfulness meditation research program:[3]
UCLA's Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior: http://www.marc.ucla.edu. This site has some free audio meditations that students of mine have found helpful. -Alfino