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8: SEP 29 - 3. Some Wisdom Research Paradigms
- Hall C3, “Heart and Mind” (18)
Hall, Wisdom, Chapter 3 "Heart and Mind"
- Note that Hall is telling something of the "sociology of knowledge" about the rise of wisdom research.
- Erikson -- idea of wisdom as end stage "8" of process of self-realization. A stage of development to deal with the approach of death and loss.
- Interesting hypothesis in face of growth of knowledge in gerontology about decay of faculties. (Add details from Gwande, Being Mortal)
- Vivian Clayton -- reflects on family member's traits.
- poses question of meaning of wisdom and relation to age. (Note descriptors.)
- her approach addressed a bias in geronotology toward focus on end of life. Nothing redeeming about dying. But maybe wisdom is.
- Baltes - Life span developmental psychology.
- Clayton’s approach, like Baltes, was to first read cultural literature, like the Bible, which represents wisdom in judges, but also Job. Follow statement on p. 43. Compare to Labouvie-Vief. Also, note from the end of the chapter about her story. Choice, seeing wisdom easier than doing it.
- Hall's account of Genesis myth: It’s not only about disobedience. Also about acquiring "original wisdom" -- wisdom as the price of seeing things clearly. Wisdom as necessarily acquired through transgression vs. living within limits. Also "dark wisdom".
- In turn toward a psychological construct, initial studies on lawyers inconclusive. Clayton’s work creates excitement, but then no funding. She leaves academia. Interestingly, becomes a bee keeper.
- Example of early Berlin Paradigm research - response to vignette - 15yo preg teen. Is wisdom non-absolutist?
- Baltes, Smith, Staudinger, Kunzemann. -- Berlin Wisdom Paradigm -- brief overview, 49ff. “An expert knowledge system concerning the fundamental pragmatic of life.” Show p. 95 from next reading, Baltes and Smith, “Toward a psych of wisdom..”
- Thought of wisdom as a process, not just a personal trait. Could be instantiated in groups, societies…
- Studied proverbs — “heuristics”
- Note how he derived his construct and method of research. +96
- Early critics: Carstensen and Ardelt -- felt Baltes Wisdom Paradigm (BWP) didn't focus enough on emotion. (More in Hall C4)
- Monika Ardelt - first attempt to develop a valid wisdom rating scale. Based on three dimensions: cognitive, reflective, and emotional. Read p. 54. Some anecdotes from people who got high ratings — Not necessarily highly educated, but all confronted adversity.