From AlfinoJump to navigationJump to search
23: APR 14
- Cavadino, Michael and James Dignan. "Penal policy and political economy". (17)
Cavadino, Michael and James Dignan. "Penal policy and political economy"
- Two claims:
- Diffs in penality likely to continue in spite of globalization
- One reason for this is that penality tracks political economy.
- Starts with an overview of the influence of the US on global penal policy. To the extent that US exerts influence on other countries to move in a neo-liberal direction there may be "penal convergence". Also, incarcertation systems are one of our global exports! "correctional imperialism"
- Some elements of the US "justice model" (retributive punishment and retributive deterrence) travel faster than others. "3 strikes" and "zero tolerance"
- In Europe, the European Convention on Human Rights is influential. Moved Russia away from capital punishment.
- 441: Table: Typology of political economies and their penal tendencies.
- Conservative corporatism
- Social democratic corporatism
- Oriental corporatism
- Let's review some of the connections the authors make in their discussion. (bring in crime rates)
- 447: Table: Political economy and imprisonment rates.
- Is neo-liberalism "criminogenic"?
- Possibly: Evidence that unequal societies with weak community relationships suffer from worse rates of crime. 447.
- Interesting: Weak link bt crime rates and imprisonment rates.
- Some possible mechanisms: Neo-liberal societies have high social exclusion: labor market and CJ failures. The authors suggests a "feedback loop" here: the socially excluded confirm the neo-liberal narrative.
- By contrast, Corporatist and social dem states are inclusionary, have a communitarian ethos. (Think back to "Are you alright?" MRFW News!). "Welfare" can involve locking people up or giving them money.
- Beckett and Western (2001) and others claim that high welfare spending correlates with low incarceration (except Japan). Also, economic inequality predicts high incarceration rates.
Drawing some implications from Cavadino & Dignan
- Weak link bt crime rates and imprisonment rates. What might follow from this? Maybe imprisonment rates are driven "MRFW ideology"?
- Neo-liberal political economies may be indirectly "criminogenic". How might a traditional MR defender respond? Like my conservative friend to homelessness? Better to live in a society that takes responsibility seriously than...(lots of ways to finish this sentence).
- Methodological Point: We've sampled three kinds of writing about MR&FW. It might be interesting to think about these together.
- 1. Traditional and current MR&FW defenders and sceptics;
- 2. Contemp Naturalism and Cultural Evolution; and, now
- 3. Contemp Political Science.
- Culturally stable strategies. How do you get to a new equilibrium?