Aid to the Absolutely Poor

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Do we have an obligation to alleviate the poverty of the absolutely poor? If so, what is the basis of that obligation? What does it commit us to? If not, why not.

Yet to Be Classified

  • Connection between Governments of Poor Countries and Aid This article explains how donors and recipients must work together to reinvent governments for poor countries, with the understanding that these new governments may not resemble those of rich countries. [1] -Elisabeth Sitio
Productivity of a country that has achieved the 0.7% An article showing that Norway really is having a problem with poverty, contrary to other beliefs and what is presented in the articles from Monday. https://borgenproject.org/look-poverty-norway/. - Jeff Kepple
  • Potential solution to solving extreme poverty: An interesting article with facts on poverty and a solution for fixing it. [2] Michael Pham
  • consumerism, F&F: This is an interesting article dividing up some of the trivial things we consume that cost us millions of dollars. This contributes to my question of how lifestyle changes can also aid those in absolute poverty, rather than just giving money. Our industries, especially the meat industry which uses land space that could be used to grow other food stuffs that requires less land space, utilize too many resources which could be allocated to help a greater number. Kate Lester:

http://www.globalissues.org/issue/235/consumption-and-consumerism

  • Relationship Between Education and Poverty: This article talks about how education is an effective force to combat poverty. Funding in education, and education in general helps those in poverty improve their lives in a variety of aspects. [3] -Antonio Fraga
  • Global extreme poverty: Poverty is examined, as well as a discussion on what is causing the trend of a decrease in poverty over time.

https://ourworldindata.org/extreme-poverty/ -Amanda Kiefer

  • Giving advocacy site: https://www.givingwhatwecan.org/post/2015/08/how-long-will-it-take-economic-growth-eliminate-extreme-poverty/ this article is interesting because it can go against giving which we don't really have much of yet. It talks about how long it would realistically take to end poverty (around 100-200 years). It says maybe this is too optimistic even, or even pessimistic as it could take a little less. Even the best projection would be not by 2072. It can be used to say that your contribution wouldn't even see a difference in your lifetime.Elizabeth Cieri:


Singer, Sachs Commentary

  • The Singer and Sachs readings in the next week or so will provide some basic arguments to consider and critique.
    • Singer's argument in a nutshell. [4]
  • This article is a counterargument to aspects of Singer's argument [5] -Chelsey Hand
  • A critic of Singer's argument on our moral obligation to aiding the absolute poor by John Kekes. [6] This should be the right article. It's hosted by Cambridge, so it should stick around for a while. Fearecia Maddox
  • A critic of Kekes argument by Keith Horton. [7]

UN Millenium Development Goals (and critics)

  • Facts and figures detailing the success/failures of the UN Millenium Development goals. [8]
  • This is a table provided by the UN which shows development on each of the goals as of 2015. Very helpful for seeing relative progress. [9]
  • Poverty and Intersectionality: Here is an article on that reflects on poverty, education, gender and the boundaries of the Millennium Development Goals as well as the general intersectionality of the issues involved [10]- Laura Marck

Background Information

  • Graphs and data on world poverty [11] Some great historical perspectives.
  • This report is a little lengthy but offers great insight into how some of the data is collected on poverty [12]. -Abraham Lopez
  • World hunger and poverty facts. This website discusses general statistics on malnourishment and it's connection with poverty. [13] -Isabel Barichievich
  • Decline of Child Mortality Here is set of data points outlining the decline of child mortality globally in the last 215 years [14]- Emma Delucchi

For and Against Giving?

  • Angus Deaton - Against- giving aid to developing countries slows their growth and corrupts the government [15] - Kelsey K. Smith
  • Santa Clara overview of arguments. This article gives some ethical arguments both for and against giving aid. It touches on issues of rights, fairness, justice, and utility. [16]
  • This article may be helpful as it gives an overview defining absolute poverty and the goals of fighting poverty through different methods of taxation along with comparing wealth of the richest 1 percent to the people who are in absolute poverty. [17]
  • Brookings Institution Study, 2004. This is pretty long but there are some really constructive ideas proposed as to what America's role in global poverty is. A lot of times with these issues, they are quick to be pointed out but instead, this talks about how to take action. [18]
  • Guardian article: This article responds to two arguments against aid: the idea that we can't afford aid and that it's hardly an act of generosity. [19] -Elisabeth Sitio
  • Business Insider: Why you shouldn't give to charity: This is an article against giving and plays a good devil's advocate for those who are for wealth distribution. It makes claims on why we shouldn't donate to charity with many supporting examples. [20] -Brandon Pollard
  • Acemoglu and Robinson: This article provides an interesting perspective on how aid programs in themselves don't directly help to eliminate extreme poverty and what should be done instead. [21] -Sabrina Williams
  • Pro/Con on Sachs & Ayittey: This article provides insight into two contrasting perspectives on giving. One of them is Sach's opinion on how foreign aid helps, but the second half is on why foreign aid won't help those in absolute poverty. - Allison Hammer [22]
  • Consumers versus Luxury Companies; Responsibility to the Absolute Poor: This article asserts a fascinating argument discussing the responsibility that luxury companies have to disseminate information about life in absolute poverty. Other pieces discussed include the effects of this provided information on the conversation and moral debate of the wealthy's responsibility to intervene in absolute poverty. -Reilly Bealer [23]
  • Opposition to government aid for poor: This is an article that expresses reasons why some people oppose expanding government aid to the poor. This has more to do with how the government should/shouldn't handle it rather than personal beliefs of giving. -Jessica Kleeburg [24]

United States history and current contributions

  • Here is a history on what the US has contributed in aid money in the past, what this has accomplished, and what their current goals are [25]
  • These articles describe why people give and explore the demographics of giving in the United States. [26] -Justin Wiens [27]
  • U.S. Census Bureau- gives a ton of information about poverty in the United States. [28]
  • Budget Cuts for the Poor with No Answer: This article discusses the affect of budget cuts on relief programs for the poor in USA and the belief that private funding will not fill the gap. [29] - Tito Howell
  • This is the Global Food Security Act of 2016 that the 114th US Congress enacted. It states the nations benefits in aiding to reduce global poverty. [30] -Lauren Olson
  • This is a letter written by Bill and Melinda Gates to Warren Buffett on his contribution to their foundation and what has been done with that money and how well it has been used. [31]
  • The Borgen Project describes how much the US spends and the ways in which we provide aid to developing nations [32] -Kristen Mahoney
  • This article examines the economic consequences of aid that is given to third world countries. [33] - Darius Mianji

Goals for well-being -- happiness and absoute poverty

  • This article describes the amount of income required to achieve happiness across the US. -Blair Coziahr
  • Act of giving leads to happiness on both ends: This is an article for papers in support of giving aid and giving in general, which examines a link between the act of giving and activity in our brain's pleasure center- showing that aid can make both the giver and recipient happier. The midbrain has increased activity when someone gives to charity, which happens during other pleasure stimuli such as eating and sexual activity. This does not, however, occur when money is spent on oneself. -Amy Wall

Alleviate Poverty and the Environment

Thinking behind poverty reduction

  • How corrupt governments affect aid: This article shows how corrupt governments can prevent aid from being effective. [34] - Arin Mitchell

Psychology of Giving

Program Effectiveness and Progress

  • An article in US News that summarizes and links to a study that argues that there has been no statistically significant evidence the the progress of the UN Millennium Goals had any real impact on improving the development process [35]
  • The UN Development Goals report discusses what has been successful and what areas need more work in order to achieve the millennium goals [36]
  • How to get the poor out of poverty - The best way to get the poor in low-income countries out of poverty is to strengthen economic growth in those countries. [37] --Rudy Bermúdez
  • This article talks about how cash donations may not be helping eliviate extreme poverty [38] -Sarah B
  • This article discusses what actually works to increase income for the worlds poorest [39] - Bailey Essig
  • Are Nonprofits the most effective way to solve global poverty? How do you form an effective nonprofit? This article talks about the characteristics common to a successful nonprofit. [40] -Sophie Anton
  • Corruption: This article discusses the facts and figures of the most corrupt countries keeping aid money. [41] -sidni butler
  • Can Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty?: [42]-Michael Rosson
  • Sachs article mentions something about organizations that are more effective than others in regard to helping the poor. This research paper/thesis talks about how religious based organizations may not be as effective as secular organizations that give to the poor. This is a long read, but if you skim through, then you can see the main points [43]
  • Here is an article talks about what giving to the poor does, yet it argues that giving money to the poor may not necessarily be effective to some people in the long run. Giving to those in absolute poverty may help with mental health. [44] --Ximena Hernandez
    • This New York Times article highlights some of the most effective anti-poverty programs globally and how they produce such great results. [45] A double! This article is about what programs have been effective in the past when aiding the absolutely poor. We can look at these programs, figure out why they were successful, and implement them or ones like them to countries with high rates of poverty. [46] Sam Olson: