From AlfinoJump to navigationJump to search
21: NOV 17 - 7. Gratitude and Savoring
- Bryant, Fred, C8, “Enhancing Savoring” (27)
- Bryant, Fred, C1, “Concepts of Savoring: An Introduction” (23)
Bryant, Chapter 8: Enhancing Savoring
- Theoretical Issues:
- How much can savoring do given set point theory? (Lykken 2000 - "trying to be happier...") "range" (Recall Emmons study results: effects 6 months later.)
- Similar efforts: Fordyce's happiness intervention study: savoring a common feature 200
- Savoring in a construct relationship with Coping
- Factors Enhancing both Coping and Savoring:
- Social Support (sharing feelings with others) -- note imp. of having people with whom to share good news. being such a person, as well. building elements of happy community.
- Writing about life experiences, (gratitude journals would be a positive example, or log). Pennebaker mentioned here.
- Downward hedonic contrast (neg. visualization, but also foregrounding and isolating the positive experience. Recovering a sense that the ordinary is a treat.) (odd effect of volunteering working in absolutely poor countries) --- counterfactual thinking: recalling good things about your circumstances that have slipped into the background; thinking about how a bad outcome could have been worse, how something good might not have happened.
- Humor, - Can you cultivate a sense of humor about things? Can you make yourself laugh? (Laughter clubs)
- Spirituality & Religion --
- Awareness of Fleetingness of Experience -- note connection with buddhism. Could heightening our awareness of the fleetingness of life enhance our savoring of it?
- Essential Pre-conditions for Savoring
- Freedom from Social and Esteem Concerns: explicated largely in terms of mindfulness... (more advice here, 206) (cynical caveat: Unless that's what you're savoring!)?
- Present Focus: goes back to what might seem odd about mindfulness as preparatory to savoring.
- non-judgmental orientation
- openness to seeing something new or as if for the first time.
- Attentional Focus: avoid multi-tasking, imagine it's the last time (it usually is -- consider the perfect day. Consider today as having a kind of perfection. Can one extend the judgement to a cloudy day? ), attention to uniqueness of experience aids savoring. (Example of priming: “A perfect day.”
- Enhancing Savoring
- Taking “time out” from a routine. Slowing down time.
- Vacation in Daily Life -- (in food studies, "slow culture" (from the slow food movement). Point is to have a proactive approach to savoring. “Happy Hour” could do this.
- Life Review -- recalling pleasurable experience, "chaining" - connecting different experiences in a pattern. Example: In your mind go around campus and recall experiences from your time here.
- Camera Exercise. (Cell phone cameras now.) Cameras can prime us to notice things that are otherwise in the background.
- Savoring and wisdom — savoring meaningful experiences (not just “good feels”) can contribute to a sense of having a good life, reinforcing confidence that your life is going well.
- Savoring and Connoisseur-ship: Does Savoring require (or is it enhanced by) connoisseur-ship? How does that square with Epicurean simplicity? Note how you might use a modified Epicureanism to include some insights about complex savoring.