U.S. involvement in Afghanistan

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Background

Afghanistan and The Taliban Prior to 2001

Stobdan, P. "The Afghan Conflict and Regional Security." August 1999 <http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/sa/sa_99stp02.html> This has breif history of the us involvement with the taliban, from friend to foe. there are some sections that are irrellevent so just read the part on international context, or anything else that is useful. Rodegard 07:06, 2 December 2009 (UTC)


Sirrs, Julie. "Lifting the Veil on Afghanistan." National Interest 2001 (65-S): 43-48. Web. 18 November 2009. <http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ahl&AN=A000515662.01&site=ehost-live> _ Kyle Campbell

Soviet Conflict With Afghanistan

Peter Spiegel, & Jonathan Weisman. (2009, October 8). News in Depth: Behind the Afghan war debate, a battle of two books rages --- White House is reading 'Lessons in Disaster,' while Pentagon leaders prefer 'A Better War'. The Wall Street Journal Asia,p. 14. Retrieved November 5, 2009, from ProQuest Newsstand. (Document ID: 1874590201). http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?index=6&did=1874590201&SrchMode=2&sid=1&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1257456292&clientId=10553


Kalinovsky, Artemy. "Old Politics, New Diplomacy: The Geneva Accords and The Soviet Withdrawl From Afghanistan." Cold War History 381-404. Web. 3 August 2008. <http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ahl&AN=A800056118.01&site=ehost-live> _Kyle Campbell


Tanner, Stephen "INDOMITABLE AFGHANISTAN." Military History 26.3 (2009): 26-35. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=20&hid=6&sid=a01205c5-ef1b-40ff-9b97-e86c58605a7f%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=42739579 This is probably the best historical article that i have read, in terms of giving me an good summary and understanding the nation. It mentions everything from troop withdrawal, to russian conquests, alexander the greats conquests, and also gives a timeline of foreign involvemetn in afghanistan. More of a historical article though. Rodegard 06:02, 19 November 2009 (UTC)

Uhler, Dale G. "Technology Force Multiplier for Special Operations." Military Technology 33.(2009): 42-48. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 5 Dec. 2009. This article tells about the new US technology that separate "Enduring freedom" from other US wars, and from previous invasions of afghanistan such as the Russian invasion 3 decades ago. Good source for refutation. Rodegard 03:26, 6 December 2009 (UTC) http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=6&hid=12&sid=eff48840-2670-41bc-8d94-050e9fa36c78%40sessionmgr14&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=37247148#db=aph&AN=37247148

Causes of Current U.S. Involvement in Afghanistan

Reyko Huang. "Lessons from History:U.S. Policy Toward Afghanistan" CDI Terrorism Project. October 5, 2001. 1978-2001 http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/afghanistan-history-pr.cfm

Bergen Peter, Senior Research Fellow, New Amercia Foundation. "Al-Qaeda: The Threat in Afghanistan." FDCH Congressional Testimony, October 7, 2009. Web. 18 November 2009. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=4&hid=4&sid=9bf769c3-72e8-4c99-855f-67ce4e2e4f74%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=mth&AN=32Y4258325820>_Kyle Campbell


Hoffman, Bruce. "The Global Terrorist Threat: Is Al-Qaeda on the Run or on the March?" Middle East Policy; June 2007, Volume 14 Issue 2, 44-58. Web. 18 November 2009. <http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=25535677&site=ehost-live>_Kyle Campbell


Rubin, Barnett R. "Saving Afghanistan." Foreign Affairs January/February 2007. Gonzaga Foley Library. <http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23521761&site=ehost-live>


Talmadge, Caitlin. "Deterring a Nuclear 9/11." Washington Quarterly; Soring 2007, Volume 30 Issue 2, 21-34. Web. 18 November 2009. <http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24378316&site=ehost-live>_Kyle Campbell

Goals For Afghanistan

Pursuing Al Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Associated Press. "Obama: 30,000 more US troops to Afghanistan." International Post. Dec 2, 2009. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1259243057625&pagename=JPArticle%2FShowFull

Flournoy, Ms. Michele. Under Secretary, Department of Defense. "Afghanistan and Pakistan Strategy." FDCH Congressional Testimony, June, 18, 2009. Web. 18 November 2009. <http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mth&AN=32Y0540452963&site=ehost-live> This is an article discussing future strategies dealing with Afghanistan and Pakistan._Kyle Campbell


Holt, K. Victoria. "Peace and Stability in Afghanistan: U.S. Goals Challenged by Security Gap." June 2002. <http://www.stimson.org/fopo/?SN=FO20020702378> Discusses the current broad goals for the conflict in Afghanistan.


Simon, Steven. "Can the Right War Be Won?" July/August 2009. Gonzaga Foley Library. <http://www.ciaonet.org/journals/fa/v88i4/11.html> Obama's goal in Afghanistan and Pakistan and tactic to achieve goals_Kyle Campbell


Video: President Barack Obama speaks on the pursuit of Al Qaeda. CNN. 20 September 2009. Web. 17 November 2009. <http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/politics/2009/09/20/king.obama.on.afghanistan.cnn>_Kyle Campbell


"Losing hearts and minds." USA Today n.d.: Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=14&hid=12&sid=eff48840-2670-41bc-8d94-050e9fa36c78%40sessionmgr14&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=J0E149101332108 this article talks about how US airstrikes have caused many innocent civilian deaths in Afghanistan Rodegard 00:53, 7 December 2009 (UTC)

U.S. Troops Should Remain in Afghanistan

Harsh Terrain Requires High Troop Numbers

Bearden, Milton. " Redefining Victory in Afghanistan and Pakistan." Foreign Affairs. 9 April 2009. Web. <http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/64925/milton-bearden/obamas-war>_Kyle Campbell


International Crisis Group. "Afghanistan: New U.S. Administration, New Directions." March 13, 2009. Gonzaga Foley Library. <http://www.ciaonet.org/pbei/icg/0015956/f_0015956_13835.pdf>

U.S. Troops Training Afghanistan Military and Police to Promote a Secure Afghanistan

Fotini, Chirstia, and Michael Semple. "Flipping The Taliban." Volume 88, Issue 4, 34-45. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO, July & aug. 2009. Web. 16 Nov. 2009. <http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=42117547&site=ehost-live> _Kyle Campbell


MSNBC News. "Administration Outlines Afghan War Endgame." The Associated Press. Web. 1 December 2009. <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/34218604/ns/politics-white_house/?ns=politics-white_house>_Kyle Campbell


Hurst, Steven R.. "Obama: 30,000 more troops to Afghanistan by summer | MichaelMoore.com." Welcome to MichaelMoore.com. N.p., 2 Dec. 2009. Web. 6 Dec. 2009. http://www.michaelmoore.com/words/latest-news/obama-30000-more-troops-afghanistan-summer This gives the latest news on the war in afghanistan with refernece to the recent announcement by President Obama that 30,000 more troops will be added.

Pullout Would Allow Al Qaeda and Taliban to Regain Power

Leys, Tony. "Musharraf: U.S. Afghanistan Pullout Would be 'Disastrous'." USA Today. Web. 18 November 2009. <http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2009-10-04-musharraf-afghanistan-withdrawal_N.htm>_Kyle Campbell


Reidel, Bruce. Senior Fellow at the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. “Al Qaeda Strikes Back.” Foreign Affairs. May/June 2007. Web. 20 November 2009. <http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/fa/fa_mayjun07/fa_2007_0506_d.html>_Kyle Campbell


President Barack Obama announces his initial plan for Afghanistan and Pakistan on March 27, 2009 in this video. <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/vp/29913761#29913761>_Kyle Campbell


Influence of Tribal Regions in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Ganguly, Sumit "Pakistan's Slide Into Misery." Foreign Affairs 81.6 (2002): 153-159. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 14 Nov. 2009. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=14&hid=3&sid=11c9590d-8a18-4df4-abe4-0de4d03fb691%40sessionmgr10&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=7569016 This article focuses specifically on pakistan, and how its conflict with India for identification as a nation, plays into the taliban and US conflict. It is somewhat dated being from 2002, but it really shows the reader why pakistan makes some of the actions it does. Rodegard 22:26, 14 November 2009 (UTC)


"Pakistan's Pashtun Reservation." Mother Jones 34.3 (2009): 44. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=7&hid=6&sid=a01205c5-ef1b-40ff-9b97-e86c58605a7f%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=38703919 This article focuse vey breifly on the conflict o fwhat the pakistani governement is letting happen in the tribal regions of Pashtun. It is a short paragraph but it gives a good idea of the horrors that are taking place, and why the pakistan governmetn and sunni extremists like the taliban have a connection. Rodegard 05:08, 19 November 2009 (UTC)


Ziring, Lawrence "Unraveling the Afghanistan-Pakistan Riddle." Asian Affairs: An American Review 36.2 (2009): 59-78. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=9&hid=6&sid=a01205c5-ef1b-40ff-9b97-e86c58605a7f%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=43202252#db=aph&AN=43202252 this is an extremely useful artice if a person would like to learn about the tribal conflicts. Specifically focus on pages 61-70 which mentions why tribes are so important to afghanistan, why they are successful, why pakistan and afghanistan have this conflict, how it relates to the colonial british era, and what the US is doing in Pashtun. Rodegard 05:16, 19 November 2009 (UTC)


Wolly, Brian. "Afghanistan and the war on terror". PBS (sources include US state department and CIA factbook) http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/asia/afghanistan/images/common/map_textonly.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/asia/afghanistan/map.html&usg=__GVKwZB98IDSsI9Fd8u27xs6wTLg=&h=400&w=535&sz=14&hl=en&start=17&um=1&tbnid=1c3MPoRCCA6UvM:&tbnh=99&tbnw=132&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dafghanistan%2Bmap%2Bpashtun%2BUS%2Bgov%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1R2SKPB_enUS346%26um%3D1 This is a map of afghanistan with the different tribes and tribal regions highlighted and shown in color. It allows the viewer to see the diversity of afghanistan and why problems might result from this. Rodegard 05:28, 19 November 2009 (UTC)

U.S. Should Pull Troops Out of Afghanistan

Narda Zacchino,"McGovern: Get Out of Afghanistan." Truthdig. Nov 4, 2009. http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/20091103_mcgovern_get_out_of_afghanistan/

Paul, Ron. "Further Involvement in Afghanistan Threatens America's Security." Current Controversies: Afghanistan. Ed. Jann Einfeld. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. INLAN - Gonzaga University Library. 28 Nov. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010360227&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=gonzagaufoley&version=1.0>. Doesnt directly say that US should pull out of Afghanistan but suggests further involvement will jeapordize sercurity.

Lubold, Gordon "More troops in Afghanistan? Naysayers gain clout with Obama." Christian Science Monitor 11 Oct. 2009: 2. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 19 Nov. 2009. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=18&hid=6&sid=a01205c5-ef1b-40ff-9b97-e86c58605a7f%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=44630688 This article focuses on the troop surge, or possibility of 21,000 to 30,000 more troops in afghanistan. It mentions how alexander the great and russia couldn't do it, so why do we think we can. It gives a good anti-troop surge opinion, on the matter. Rodegard 05:49, 19 November 2009 (UTC)


Riemer, Matthew. "A Democratic Nation-State May Not Be the Best Model for Afghanistan." Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gonzaga University Library. 3 Dec. 2009 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010360230&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=gonzagaufoley&version=1.0>_Kyle Campbell

Middle Ground Viewpoints

Peter, A. Tom. "Should Obama Order Afghan War Troop Surge? Troops Say Maybe Not." The Christian Science Monitor. November 8, 2009. <http://www.csmonitor.com/2009/1104/p08s04-wosc.html>_Kyle Campbell