2009 Fall Proseminar Collaborative Research Exercise

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Intellectual Freedom

Major Statements




Journal of Philosophy, 48356-361. Retrieved from Philosopher's Index database. Additional Information: Persistent link to this record (Permalink): [1]


History of Political Thought, 10439-455. Retrieved from Philosopher's Index database. [2]


Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy, 13219-237. Retrieved from Philosopher's Index database. [3]


Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy, 13238-253. Retrieved from Philosopher's Index database. [4]


Journal of Value Inquiry, 11141-148. Retrieved from Philosopher's Index database. [5]

Dworkin, G. (1997). Mill's On Liberty.

Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. Retrieved from Philosopher's Index database. [6]

Riley, J. (2005). J. S. Mill's Doctrine of Freedom of Expression.

Utilitas: A Journal of Utilitarian Studies, 17(2), 147-179. Retrieved from Philosopher's Index database. [7]

Major Critics

Karl Popper, Popper's 1957 work, The Poverty of Historicism, pp. 118-119

(For example, "Harms of Global Warming" or "General Book on Global Warming". Consider subtitles to give your finding some specificity)

Finding and Link http://www.blupete.com/Literature/Biographies/Philosophy/Mill.htm#fn2

Summary/Reconstruction Probably ought to locate Popper criticism here.

Alfino 02:27, 4 November 2009 (UTC)

Akeel Bilgrami, Truth, Balance, and Freedom published in August of this year

Finding and Link http://socialresearch.metapress.com/app/home/contribution.asp?referrer=parent&backto=issue,4,22;journal,1,30;linkingpublicationresults,1:119739,1

Full Text is available at Foley.

Abstract This paper looks at standard arguments for freedom in the academy that go back to John Stuart Mill and Oliver Wendell Holmes and finds them to be poor arguments for their conclusion. It then elaborates what are the most subtle and the most entrenched forms of threat to freedom in the academy, and concludes with an argument for imbalance rather than balance in the extra-mural sphere. mkwasniewski

Aspects of Mill's View

support for inf theory approach

Rosen, Frederick. "The Philosophy of Error and Liberty of Thought: J. S. Mill on Logical Fallacies" Informal Logic, 26(2), 121-147. 27 p. Summer 2006.


The journal article is not available electronically, but part of it seemed particularly relevant to intellectual freedom. "the essay relates the philosophy of error to the discussion of truth and error ... concerned with freedom of thought and discussion." SWilliams2 21:48, 8 November 2009 (UTC)

application to genetic engineering

Burley, Justine. Mill, Liberty, and (Genetic) 'Experiments in Living'. Mill's On Liberty: A Critical Guide: Mill's On Liberty: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Pr; 2008 Jan 1-.

Keywords: application to genetic engineering Notes: ISSN/ISBN: 9780521873567 Series: Cambridge Critical Guides. Cover Date: 2008. Source Information: Author: Ten, C L (ed) 185-208,. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 43-2. Subject: CLONING; GENETIC ENGINEERING; LIBERTY; MORALITY. Subject Person: MILL, JOHN STUART. Update Code: 20090727.

application to hate speech

Brink, David O. Millian Principles, Freedom of Expression, and Hate Speech: Legal Theory

[Journal Article]. Legal Theory. 2001 Jun 1-; 7(2):119-157; ISSN: 1352-3252.[8] Keywords: application to hate speech Notes: Cover Date: June 2001.Source Info: 7(2), 119-157. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 35-4. Subject: ETHICS; FREEDOM; HATE; LAWS; SPEECH. Subject Person: MILL. Update Code: 20090226. Abstract: The article approaches hate speech from a Millian perspective. This perspective justifies liberties of expression in terms of deliberative values that are essential to our being responsible agents, and this deliberative rationale explains important features of First Amendment jurisprudence. Insofar as hate speech retards, rather than advances, deliberative values, its regulation can be defended by appeal to the very same values that explain why content-specific censorship is normally impermissible. If so, hate speech regulation is a well motivated exception to the usual prohibition on content-specific censorship. This conclusion requires rethinking the Court's ruling in 'R. A. V. v. St. Paul'.

argument in On Liberty

Finocchiaro, Maurice A. Mill's 'On Liberty' and Argumentation Theory.

The Uses of Argument: Proceedings of a Conference at McMaster University, 18-21 May 2005: The Uses of Argument: Proceedings of a Conference at McMaster University, 18-21 May 2005. Hamilton: Media Production; 2005 Jan 1-. Keywords: argument in On Liberty Notes: Cover Date: 2005. Source Information: Author: Hitchcock, David (ed) 89-98,. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 39-3. Subject: ARGUMENT; LIBERTY. Subject Person: MILL. Update Code: 20090226. Abstract: Chapter 2 of Mill's 'On Liberty' is reconstructed as a complex argument for freedom of discussion; it consists of three subarguments, each possessing illative and dialectical components. The illative component is this: freedom of discussion is desirable because (1) it enables us to determine whether an opinion is true, whereas its denial amounts to an assumption of infallibility; (2) it improves our understanding and appreciation of the supporting reasons of true opinions, and our understanding and appreciation of their practical or emotional meaning; (3) it enables us to understand and appreciate every side of the truth, given that opinions tend to be partly true and partly false and people tend to be one-sided. The dialectical component consists of replies to ten objections, five in the first subargument, three in the second, one in the third, and one general. An analysis of Mill's argument suggests that (a) it is a contribution to argumentation theory; (b) it advocates and practices a dialectical approach; (c) its reconstruction and analysis are a contribution to argumentation theory; and (d) it raises in a striking manner the issue of the relationship between epistemology and argumentation theory.

Foucault and Mill

Clifford, Michael "The Cultivation of Individuality: Foucault Reading Mill." Daimon, Revista de Filosofia 11.(1995): 27-38. Philosopher's Index. EBSCO. Web. 7 Nov. 2009 [9]

librarianship and the public intellectual

Jones, Barbara M. Libraries, Access, and Intellectual Freedom

Journal of Information Ethics [Book Review]. Journal of Information Ethics. 2004 Mar 1-; 13(1):81; ISSN: 1061-9321.[10]

Keywords: librarianship Notes: Reviewer: Hauptman, Robert. Cover Date: Spring 2004. 1999. Source Info: 13(1), 81. Journal Announcement: 39-1. Update Code: 20090226.

Abdalla, Ahmed "The Role of the Intellectual in the Public Sphere." Quest: Philosophical Discussions 14.1-2 (2000): 49-56. Philosopher's Index. EBSCO. Web. 7 Nov. 2009.

Budd, John M. "Self-Examination: the Present and Future of Librarianship." Libraries Unlimited, Westport, CT (2008) 281 pp. Review published in Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 2009. Additional Information: This book references Mill on his view of rationality, ethics and liberty. mkwasniewski

Rawls and Mill

Amdur, Robert. 2008. "Rawls's Critique of 'On Liberty'." In Mill's On Liberty: A Critical Guide, Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Pr, 2008. Philosopher's Index, EBSCOhost.

Subjects: Ethics, Free speech, Freedom of expression, Liberty

<http://web.ebscohost.com.proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=12&hid=108&sid=56dc79c3-7983-41a5-8320-859443d01bd7%40sessionmgr111&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=phl&AN=PHL2133051>. (JA)

Problems in On Liberty

Problem in Mill's view of society

Chaudhury, Mahasweta. Mill's Social Physics and Individual Liberty

The Programme and Its Problems: Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research [Journal Article]. Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. 2004 Jan 1-; 21(1):1-27; ISSN: 0970-7794. Keywords: problem in Mill's view of society Notes: Cover Date: January-March 2004.Source Info: 21(1), 1-27. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 40-2. Subject: LAWS; LIBERTY; POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY; SOCIETY. Subject Person: MILL, JOHN STUART; POPPER, KARL. Update Code: 20090226. Abstract: The aim of this paper is to identify the apparent contradiction in Mill's two different projects towards finding some explanatory laws of society in the fashion of physics as also the principle of individual liberty which, apparently, is a necessary condition for a civil society. The latter defies the naturalistic or mechanistic explanation of social change and human behavior. Mill tries to reconcile by a psychologistic explanation of human behavior, which again gives rise to many problems, as pointed out by the famous critique of Karl Popper. Here I attempt to analyze Mill's own viewpoint along with various other positions in order to show that psychologistic/naturalistic explanation can never be sufficient to explain rational human behavior. (edited)

Gordon, Jill. John Stuart Mill and the 'Marketplace of Ideas': Social Theory and Practice

An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy [Journal Article]. Social Theory and Practice: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Philosophy. 1997 Jun 1-; 23(2):235-249; ISSN: 0037-802X.[11]

Keywords: problems in On Liberty

Notes: Cover Date: Summer 1997.Source Info: 23(2), 235-249. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 32-1. Subject: FREE SPEECH; IDEA; LIBERTY; MARKET; METAPHOR; SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY. Subject Person: MILL. Update Code: 20090226. Abstract: The expression "the marketplace of ideas" is often used in reference to Mill's views on freedom of thought and speech in 'On Liberty', but the metaphor does not come from Mill's work, nor is it consistent with his position. A real marketplace of ideas would create what Mill warns us against: the prevalence of the views of the most powerful and/or the most numerous. From a U.S. perspective, I explore Mill's suggestion to "countenance and encourage" minority views, and I compare Mill's particular type of liberalism with contemporary U.S. advocacy of market models for our political lives.

Tunick Mark, "Tolerant Imperialism: John Stuart Mill's Defense of British Rule in India"

Some critics of John Stuart Mill understand him to advocate the forced assimilation of people he regards as uncivilized and to defend toleration and the principle of liberty only for civilized people of the West. Examination of Mill's social and political writings and practice while serving the British East India Company shows, instead, that Mill is a tolerant imperialist: Mill defends interference in India to promote the protection of legal rights, respect and toleration for conflicting viewpoints, and a commercial society that can cope with natural threats. He does not think the principle of liberty is waived for the uncivilized or that the West should forcibly reshape them in its own monistic image. Mill's tolerant imperialism reflects a tension between liberty and moral development that also surfaces when Mill thinks about the scope of government in civilized societies.

I think this article might show that Mill's liberty isn't laissez-faire in the fullest sense and he perhaps is guilty of the violations he abhorrs. This could be a problem for intellectual freedom as Mill's views on the soverignty of the individual doesn't seem to be all encompassing.

Tunick Mark, "Tolerant Imperialism: John Stuart Mill's Defense of British Rule in India." Review of Politics, 68(4), 586-611. 26 p. FALL 2006. Philosopher's Index. EBSCO. Web. 17 Nov. 2009 (E.Hanson)

Jonathan Riley, "J.S. Mill's Doctrine of Freedom of Expression"

Jonathan Riley claims that Mill defends a broad laissez-faire policy for expression. There are, however, exceptions to this policy; freedom of speech can be suppressed if it violates the harm principle. [[12]]

Riley, Jonathan "J. S. Mill's Doctrine of Freedom of Expression." Utilitas: A Journal of Utilitarian Studies 17.2 (2005): 147- 179. Philosopher's Index. EBSCO. Web. 7 Nov. 2009.

Twilkinson 21:57, 7 November 2009 (UTC)

Some books


essays on On Liberty

  • Dworkin, Gerald ed. Mill's On Liberty. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield; 1997 Jan 1-.

Keywords: essays on On Liberty Notes: Cover Date: 1997.. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 31-3. Subject: BIBLIOGRAPHY; EQUALITY; FAIRNESS; HARM; JUSTICE; LIBERTY; PATERNALISM; PORNOGRAPHY; SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY. Subject Person: MILL. Update Code: 20090226. Abstract: John Stuart Mill's 'On Liberty' (1860) continues to shape modern Western conceptions of individual freedom. Designed with political philosophy and philosophy of law courses in mind, this collection of essays by leading Mill scholars is an ideal introduction to 'On Liberty'. Selected for their importance and accessibility, the essays make clear the continued relevance of Mill's work to contemporary struggles to protect individual rights without harming others. The collection is also useful for courses devoted to Mill at either the undergraduate or graduate level.


Scarre, Geoffrey. Mill's 'On Liberty': A Reader's Guide.

New York: Continuum; 2007 Jan 1-. Keywords: guides Notes: Cover Date: 2007.. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 41-4. Subject: EDUCATION; GOVERNMENT; INDIVIDUAL; LIBERTY; POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY; SOCIETY. Subject Person: MILL, JOHN STUART. Update Code: 20090226. Abstract: First published in 1859, John Stuart Mill's 'On Liberty' has exerted an enormous influence on philosophical and political thought ever since. Mill, also famous for his writings on utilitarianism, argues that individual liberty is of paramount importance and that any infringements of it must be kept to an absolute minimum. Mill himself described his brief but brilliant book as asserting "one very simple principleGǪthat the sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering in the liberty of any of their number, is self-protection." Of course, drawing out the implications of this principle has proved to be anything but simple, and the various interpretations of Mill's doctrine have spawned countless debates and mountains of secondary literature. Numerous moral and political theorists have drawn on Mill's work, including Berlin, Rawls and Raz, and his ideas remain as relevant as ever today. (publisher, edited)

Ten, C L ed. Mill's 'On Liberty': A Critical Guide

Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Pr; 2008 Jan 1-. (Cambridge Critical Guides. Keywords: guides Notes: Series: Cambridge Critical Guides. Cover Date: 2008.. Language: English. Journal Announcement: 43-2. Subject: FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION; INDIVIDUALITY; LIBERALISM; LIBERTY; MORALITY; POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY. Subject Person: MILL, JOHN STUART. Update Code: 20090727. Abstract: John Stuart Mill's essay 'On Liberty', published in 1859, has had a powerful impact on philosophical and political debates ever since its first appearance. This volume of newly commissioned essays covers the whole range of problems raised in and by the essay, including the concept of liberty, the toleration of diversity, freedom of expression, the value of allowing "experiments in living," the basis of individual liberty, multiculturalism, and the claims of minority cultural groups. Mill's views have been fiercely contested, and they are at the center of many contemporary debates. The essays are by leading scholars, who systematically and eloquently explore Mill's views from various perspectives. (publisher)

Rereading power and freedom in J.S. Mill

Author: Baum, Bruce David,

Publisher: Toronto ;Buffalo :University of Toronto Press,c2000.

Location: Foley General Collection

Call Number: JC585.B268 2000

Location: Chastek 3rd Floor

Call Number: JC585.B385 2000  


The hidden text of Mill's Liberty

Author: Justman, Stewart

Publisher: Savage, Md. :Rowman & Littlefield,c1991.

Location: Foley General Collection

Call Number: JC585.M75J87 1990

Other Sources

Catholic Church and Intellectual Freedom


This is John Paul II's document on Catholic universities and their role within the church. Academic freedom, here means the ability to teach the truths of the church. It is mentioned in sections 1A.1.12, 1A.2.29. 1B.1.37. --Cpickett 21:33, 10 November 2009 (UTC)


This is John Paul II's document on the "splendor of truth." This document talks about how true human freedom is realized when it coincides with the will of God. --Cpickett 21:36, 10 November 2009 (UTC)

The True Meaning Behind Mill's "On Liberty"

Jeremy J Ofseyer. "Taking liberties with John Stuart Mill. " Annual Survey of American Law 4 (1999): 395. Research Library, ProQuest. Web. 10 Nov. 2009.


Abstract: Ofseyer considers certain libertarian readings of John Stuart Mill, and argues that they distort his distinctly liberal view of free speech. Ofseyer argues that his influential defense of "liberty of thought and discussion" in "On Liberty" denies that three types of evils--harm to others, offense to others, and falsity--ever warrant banning the mere holding or expressing of heretical opinions. sanderson2

A non-normative Reading of "On Liberty"

Mulnix, M.J. "Harm, Rights, and Liberty: Towards a Non-Normative Reading of Mill's Liberty Principle." Journal of Moral Philosophy; Vol. 6 Issue 2, p196-217, 22p. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=3&hid=8&sid=321b78ec-022f-4e97-b977-336c16d2d5ba%40sessionmgr13&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=37257458009,

Abstract:Many commentators have argued that Mill's Liberty Principle is most reasonably construed as limiting social interference to cases where an individual's action either harms or increases the probability of harm to others. The convention when it comes to understanding harm seems to be to build into the concept a normative component such that what it means to harm someone is that we have wronged them in some important respect. But such an understanding of harm will vary depending upon which particular moral framework is adopted, and as such, will not achieve the sort of neutrality necessary for the Liberty Principle to be accepted by a liberal society. However, I am unconvinced that we need to appeal to moral concepts in order to fully analyze Mill's Liberty Principle and the ultimate aim of this article is to sketch an account of how his principle could be non-normatively explicated. mmcclain

A Paternal Liberty

Gostin L.O. "A broader liberty: J.S. Mill, paternalism and the public's health" Public Health (Elsevier); Mar2009, Vol. 123 Issue 3, p214-221, 8p. http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=3&hid=8&sid=321b78ec-022f-4e97-b977-336c16d2d5ba%40sessionmgr13&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=38507768

Abstract: Is the 'harm principle', famously propounded by J.S. Mill and widely adopted in bioethics, an appropriate principle to guide public health regulation? The harm principle limits liberty-limiting interventions to those instances where the person poses a significant risk of harm to others. However, much of public health regulation is not primarily directed to avert risk to others, but to safeguard the health and safety of the individual him- or herself. Regulations regarding seatbelts, motorcycle helmets and the fluoridation of water are examples of pervasive public health regulations that are primarily intended to safeguard the individual's own health or safety. Even laws designed to reduce smoking are justified, at least in substantial part, by the reduction of risk to the smoker. Certainly, scholars argue that there are 'other-regarding' aspects to these types of laws, but there is little doubt that there are strong paternalistic features to these, and many other public health laws, such as bans on trans fat in foods. This article directly and forcefully questions the Millian principle, making the case for hard paternalism. When seen from a population-based perspective that counts the number of lives saved, paternalism becomes a plausible justification for interventions that do not pose a truly significant burden on individual liberty, but go a long way towards safeguarding the health and well-being of the populace.mmcclain

John Stuart Mill on liberty and control

Author: Hamburger, Joseph,

Publisher: Princeton, N.J. :Princeton University Press,c1999.

Location: Foley General Collection Call Number: JC223.M66H363 1999

J.S. Mill's political thought :a bicentennial reassessment

Publisher: Cambridge ;New York :Cambridge University Press,2007.

Location: Foley General Collection

Call Number: JC223.M66J646 2007

Freedom of Expression

Riley, Jonathan. 2005. "J. S. Mill's Doctrine of Freedom of Expression." Utilitas: A Journal of Utilitarian Studies 17, no. 2: 147-179. Philosopher's Index, EBSCOhost.


Mill's free speech doctrine is distinct from, yet compatible with, his central principle of 'purely self-regarding' liberty. Using the crucial analogy with trade, I claim that he defends a broad laissez-faire policy for expression, even though expression is 'social' or other-regarding conduct and thus legitimately subject to social regulation. An expedient laissez-faire policy admits of exceptions because speakers can sometimes cause such severe damage to others that coercive interference with the speech is justified. In those relatively few contexts where interference is called for, however, the central principle of self-regarding liberty sets absolute limits to the scope of society's regulatory authority. Regulation can never amount to an outright ban of any type of expression that can be consumed by the individual without direct and immediate harm to others. Nevertheless, and perhaps surprisingly, the central liberty principle admits censorship of certain extraordinary types of expression which necessarily harm others. (JA)