International Aids Relief

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Research Findings for International Aids Relief

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Page contents organized by My Tran and Matt Duffy

Overview of Aids

Wikipedia's AIDS page provides a wide variety of information on the subject. If you are unsure about what exactly AIDS is, it will give you a excellent overview of the crisis. Matt Duffy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aids

The following link has a great deal of information on the crisis. http://www.aids.org/factSheets/101-what-is-aids.html Matt Duffy


An excellent website in regards to AIDS. It is extremely organized, as it provides information by region, as well as a very in depth (but easy to read) overview of the crisis. http://www.avert.org/aids.htm Matt Duffy

The history of Aids

This page holds information on the first few cases of aids in the world. http://fohn.net/history-of-aids/ My Tran

Aid's Chronology

A simple timeline showing the history of Aids. http://www.aegis.com/topics/timeline/ My Tran

Chronology of Significant Events

A smaller timeline showing more important events of Aids' history. http://www.fda.gov/oashi/aids/miles.html My Tran

Facts on Aids

Experimentally proven facts on Aids http://www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/Resources/QandA/FastFacts/ My Tran


International AIDS Relief and Information by Region

Misconceptions About AIDS Relief

Tina Rosenberg, an editorial writer for the NY Times, writes an interesting article that addresses many of the misconceptions and myths about the HIV/AIDS epidemic. She provides factual evidence and useful solutions that could be very beneficial, if taken in to consideration.Hannah Witt


Rosenberg, Tina. "Aids: two decades and billions of dollars into the fight against AIDS, the world still has a long way to go in arresting the epidemic. The cash that donor governments roll out with much fanfare won't make a dent so long as misperceptions persist about how we are winning and losing the battle against the disease.(Think Again)." Foreign Policy. 147 (March-April 2005): 22(5). Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. INLAN - Gonzaga University Library. 21 Apr. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=OVRC&docId=A130213069&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=gonzagaufoley&version=1.0>.

The Crisis by Region

European AIDS Relief and Information

HIV and AIDS in United Kingdom

General information about AIDS in the United Kingdom. Includes important statistics and trends in the U.K. Hannah Witt

http://www.avert.org/uksummary.htm


HIV and AIDS in the Ukraine

The article discusses the prominence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Ukraine. It is stated that the country has been labeled AIDS capital of Europe for an estimated 477,000 inhabitants having the virus, which was a few hundred cases only in 1994. In details, 75 percent of the infected are not aware of their status while 46 people daily are infected, aging between 20 and 40. Information about the causes and prevention of the disease is elaborated. Hannah Witt

 http://proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=26475842&site=ehost-live

Database: Academic Search Premiere


here, Avert comes in handy once again. the site touches the topic of AIDS from many different angles Pasha Tabatabai http://www.avert.org/aids-south-africa.htm


AIDS Relief by Region

American AIDS Relief and Information

HIV and AIDS in America

General information about AIDS in the United States. Includes important statistics, preventative measures, treatment options, and details how far the U.S. has come since AIDS started spreading in the 1980's. Hannah Witt

http://www.avert.org/america.htm


The U.S. President's Plan for Aids Relief

This link provides information to President Bush's (and the American Government's) efforts to improve the quality of life of the millions facing AIDS in Africa. Over the next 5 years, $15 Billion dollars will be provided in order to prevent further spread of the disease, as well as care for and medicating people who have already been diagnosed. Matt Duffy

http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030129-1.html

This website/ article discusses the reasons why President Bush's plan for AIDS Relief should not be supported. It discusses the detriment of abstinence only education and the shortage of condoms in Uganda. Caitlin Hafla

http://hrw.org/campaigns/aids/2005/uganda/


The U.S. Government's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: PEPFAR

Includes information about the PEPFAR plan, the latest results of the program, the countries the program is helping, and the President's annual report to Congress. Interesting site with lots of information about specific countries and what the U.S. is specifically doing to aid other nations. Hannah Witt

http://www.pepfar.gov


Provides links to multiple fact sheets pertaining to PEPFAR. Pat Moore

[USAID Health]


This website provides more information about the Presidents emergency plan for AIDS relief. It is an outline of PEPFAR and some statistics of the trends of AIDs. Sarah McNurlin

http://www.pepfar.gov/press/fourth_annual_report/99738.htm


World Vision: Building a Better World for Children

Gives an alternative approach to AIDS relief. "The Hope Initiative is an unprecedented campaign to address the needs of children, families, and communities that have been devastated by the global HIV and AIDS pandemic." Pasha Tabatabai

http://www.worldvision.org/Worldvision/comms2.nsf/stable/hope_child_sponsorship?Open&campaign=1193510&cmp=KNC-1193510&source=goog&keyword={keyword}


"An Epidemic Failure"

An article written by Geraldine Sealey that was published in Rolling Stone magazine in 2005 that criticizes the PEPFAR initiative. Provides an interesting viewpoint and suggestions for improvement. Hannah Witt

http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/story/7371950/an_epidemic_failure/


"Popping the PEPFAR Bubble"

An article written in the opinion section of the L.A. Times which criticises PEPFAR's use of brand name drugs only as well as abstinance education. Pat Moore

http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oew-clement21feb21,0,3690830.story


"In Global Battle on AIDS, Bush Creates Legacy"

An article written in the N.Y. Times which talks about the good Bush has done.

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/05/washington/05aids.html?_r=2&pagewanted=1&oref=slogin


Three professors from the University of Texas take a more economical perspective on how governments efforts to control the AIDS epidemic are inadequate. Hannah Witt


Philipson, Tomas J, Richard A. Posner and John H. Wright. "Government Efforts to Control the Spread of AIDS Are Ineffective." At Issue: The Spread of AIDS. Ed. Daniel A. Leone. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. INLAN - Gonzaga University Library. 21 Apr. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010031207&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=gonzagaufoley&version=1.0>.


Greg Behrman is the author of The Invisible People: How the U.S. Has Slept Through the Global AIDS Pandemic, the Greatest Humanitarian Catastrophe of Our Time. In the viewpoint that follows, Behrman argues that the United States must significantly increase its efforts to combat the AIDS epidemic. While the emergency plan initiated by the Bush administration in 2004 addresses some challenges, much more money and planning is needed to fund, build, equip, and staff health centers and clinics in poor countries. To turn the tide against AIDS, the United States must work with its international partners to create a viable health infrastructure in developing nations, Behrman concludes. Hannah Witt


Behrman, Greg. "A Long-Term Strategy Is Needed to End the AIDS Epidemic." Opposing Viewpoints: Epidemics. Ed. Mary E. Williams. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. INLAN - Gonzaga University Library. 21 Apr. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010133240&source=gale&srcp rod=OVRC&userGroupName=gonzagaufoley&version=1.0>.


http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/05/washington/05aids.html?_r=2&pagewanted=2&sq=aids%20relief&st=nyt&scp=2&oref=slogin In this New York Times article, the author Sheryl Stolberg writes about PEPFAR. The article points out some strengths and weakness with the program, including the funding. I thought it was useful explaining how PEPFAR came to be. Sarah McNurlin

Other Regions AIDS Relief and Information

Aids in Africa

This website provides an overview of the AIDS crisis. There is information about the numbers of deaths and other affects AIDS has made in Africa. FoAlso the website provides information on the efforts (and lack thereof) of African leaders. Matt Duffy

<"http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/Africa/AIDS.asp">


The United Nations Millennium Project (2005) describes the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a ‘global catastrophe, threatening social and economic stability in the most affected areas, while spreading relentlessly into new regions’. Multilateral institutions under the leadership of the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS and World Health Organization have been charged with coordinating the worldwide response. Yet with attention and funding diverted between bilateral, regional and multilateral aid providers, and little discernible success in containing the global epidemic to date, it remains an open question whether traditional global institutions are able to effectively combat HIV/AIDS. It is argued that bilateral relationships are still heavily relied upon at present as traditional multilateral arrangements struggle for resources and political attention. The critical questions discussed here are whether global institutions should, can and will respond effectively to the HIV/AIDS crisis. This analysis finds that the most readily organised and deployed global response will likely involve an alliance of public and private agencies that can escape some of the domestic, political and organisational constraints inherent in existing HIV/AIDS funding arrangements. Ultimately, newer hybrid arrangements that have emerged recently, like the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, may offer a more enduring global regime to control the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The corollary is that UN agencies alone in their traditional form, hampered by multilateral practicalities, will be less effective. Hannah Witt

[An international public health crisis: can global institutions respond effectively to HIV/AIDS?]

This article, "Rift Over AIDS Treatment Lingers in South Africa," the author gives her thoughts on the relief programs in South Africa. She thinks that the South African government has been extremely slow to action, causing many people to be unnecessarily infected. This is a good article if you are comparing relief strategies. Sarah McNurlin


ttp://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/09/world/africa/09safrica.html?pagewanted=1&ei=5088&en=5e568c92213a73ef&ex=1362715200&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss


USAID Announces Grants for AIDS Relief in Caribbean, Africa https://wiki.gonzaga.edu/alfino/index.php?title=International_Aids_Relief&action=edit&section=13 Caitlin Dols

AIDS in Asia

This website gives a semi-detailed general information about how prevalent AIDS is in Asia, their plan to fight AIDS, and estimates of AIDS population in different Asian countries. My Tran

http://www.avert.org/aids-asia.htm#top



Statistics

This website provides a multitude of statistics, surveys,and census from the American people. Furthermore it provides a basic overview of the United States' plan for AIDS relief. Topics addressed include: PEPFAR, laboratories,women and children's health, related diseases, preventative measures, and solutions to the current AIDS epidemic.

In order to examine the magnitude of this problem, it is important to have the most up to date facts on the AIDS epidemic. The website provides a constantly updating death toll of the number of people who have died from AIDS, and how many have been infected by HIV. As of Saturday, March 29th, the total number of deaths 34,542,000 and 51,037,000 infected. Caitlin Hafla/ Matt Duffy

http://www.kwanzaakeepers.com/africa-aids-death-count/africa-aids-death-count.htm


This website provides very organized and current world AIDS statistics. My Tran

http://www.avert.org/worldstats.htm


This site gives the breakdown of the US assistance to AIDS relief in Africa. Also, there is the priorities of the US gov't in helping Africa. Everything here is basic background info, but necessary to understand the relief effort as a whole. Pasha Tabatabai

http://www.usaid.gov/locations/sub-saharan_africa/

UNAIDS under fire for mixing politics and science

This article explains what the critics said about UNAIDS' new estimation regarding people affected by AIDS. It also includes the response made by UNAIDS in regards to the comments made. Monicka Marmolejo

http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=070830051343.dne2czda&show_article=1&cat=0


Similar to Monicka's article, this shows that UNAIDS' statistics and reasons it is a great organization http://www.worldpress.org/Americas/3006.cfm Pasha Tabatabai

UNAIDS official website. very professional with easy access to policy, responses, cosponsors, partnerships, and info http://www.unaids.org/en/ Pasha Tabatabai

Another helpful AVERT site about AIDS and orphans http://www.avert.org/aidsorphans.htm Pasha Tabatabai

religion and the pope against condoms to prevent AIDS http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29404-2005Jan22.html Pasha Tabatabai



Medicine, Treatment, and Prevention

An extensive amount of importance stressed in AIDS Relief involves the treatment, medical help, and education available to those people who are already diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. This website contributes the basic knowledge of research and therapeutics for patients. Caitlin Hafla

http://www.thewellproject.org/en_US/Treatment_and_Trials/index.jsp

http://www.centerforaids.org/?gclid=CK29tIqdypICFRyXiQodAX0hnA


The BBC news weighs in on the improvement of AIDS treatment. There is still no "cure," however, a combination of medicines can help to slow the disease. Matt Duffy

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/background_briefings/aids/342330.stm



The World's Richest Peolple and AIDS

AIDS Relief and the World's Richest People: An Opportunity for Partnership on AIDS Orphans and Health Workers

This article stresses the good that the world's richest people can do to help solve the issue of global AIDS relief. It explains the opportunity for partnership very well. Monicka Marmolejo

http://www.worldpress.org/Americas/3018.cfm

Caitlin Dols

AIDS Vaccine Possibilities

International Aids Vaccine Initiative

IAVI’s mission is to ensure the development of safe, effective, accessible, preventive HIV vaccines for use throughout the world. IAVI is a global not-for-profit, public-private partnership working to accelerate the development of a vaccine to prevent HIV infection and AIDS. Founded in 1996, IAVI researches and develops vaccine candidates, conducts policy analyses, and serves as an advocate for the field with offices in Africa, India, and Europe. IAVI supports a comprehensive approach to HIV and AIDS that balances the expansion and strengthening of existing HIV prevention and treatment programs with targeted investments in new AIDS prevention technologies. As the world’s only organization focused solely on the development of an AIDS vaccine, IAVI also works to ensure a future vaccine will be accessible to all who need it. Hannah Witt

http://www.iavi.org/

AIDS Vaccine Clearinghouse

AIDS Vaccine Clearinghouse is a gateway to information and a link to other people and organizations concerned about AIDS vaccine advocacy, research, and global delivery. Hannah Witt

http://www.aidsvaccineclearinghouse.org/


Contraceptives


Abstinence

This site discusses the value and the success of abstinence in uganda as preventative method against the spread of AIDS. In the article a Harvard University study found that abstinence education has had significant effectiveness in reducing AIDS in Uganda and rates dropping as much as 50 percent between 1992 and 2000. Caitlin Hafla

http://www.catholiceducation.org/articles/sexuality/se0074.html

This link addresses where the money from government AIDS relief is being allocated. It discusses the issue of morality, condoms, and proper place of government. Caitlin Hafla

http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/opinion/265819_abstinenced.asp

This link provides information about the United States House of Representatives boosting AIDS relief funding and cutting abstinence education. Caitlin Hafla

http://www.cnsnews.com/ViewNation.asp?Page=/Nation/archive/200804/NAT20080404a.html

http://www.abpnews.com/3053.article This article discusses the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Reauthorization Act. Sarah McNurlin



Treatment


Education

A short article that details the "Best Buys" in preventing and treating HIV/AIDS. This includes using mass media campaigns to educate, rather than using school-based programs. Hannah Witt


Rosenberg, Jared. "'Best buys' in prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS.(UPDATE)(Brief article)." International Family Planning Perspectives. 32. 1 (March 2006): 4(1). Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. INLAN - Gonzaga University Library. 21 Apr. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=OVRC&docId=A145278191&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=gonzagaufoley&version=1.0>.


Current Plans for AIDS Relief

This articles discusses the reasons why the CNN plan( condoms, needles, negotiation) should implemented over the ABC plan(abstinence, being faithful, and condom use). http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/journals/3103805.html Caitlin Hafla

This article discusses expanding the original ABC plan with a DEF for disclosure, education, and female condoms.Caitlin Hafla http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A13501-2004Jun28.html

This is a debate during the International AIDS conference on the pros, cons and collaboration of both CNN and ABC. Caitlin Hafla http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A13501-2004Jun28.html



This article examines whether the A-B-C (Abstinence, Being Faithful, and Condom Use) is as simple and effective as it is said to be. Hannah Witt


Sinding, Steven W. "Does 'CNN' (condoms, needles and negotiation) work better than 'ABC' (abstinence, being faithful and condom use) in attacking the AIDS epidemic?(VIEWPOINT)." International Family Planning Perspectives. 31. 1 (March 2005): 38(3). Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. INLAN - Gonzaga University Library. 21 Apr. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=OVRC&docId=A132555435&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=gonzagaufoley&version=1.0>.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

cooperat

cooperation between US and China

 this artical talks about "China, US cooperate in AIDS fight"

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-08/30/content_473484.htm

== == AKRAM RAFIE == ==]]